On June 8,1998 which is exactly 22 years ago, Nigerian military ruler, General Sani Abacha was confirmed dead.

He was Born on September 20,1943. He was trained in Kano state but was origin of Kanuri in Borno state. 

Abacha is considered as the first and only military leader who never alternate a rank to become a full-star General and his military superiority are:

Second Lieutenant (Commissioned)-1963,Lieutenant- 1966, Captain-1967, Major-1969, Lieutenant Colonel-1972, Colonel-1975, Brigadier General-1980, Major General-1983, Lieutenant General-1987, General-1993.

He was acknowledged as assistant to Ibrahim Babangida in removing Shehu Shagari from office during the latter's second Civilian presidential term in 1983. 

The vivacity coup of December 31 1983 consequences in the installation of Muhammadu Buhari as Nigeria's leader and position Abacha into the rank of Brigadier in the Nigerian Army. 

Abacha also played a serious role in the August 27,1985 bloodless coup that brought General Ibrahim Babangida into power. 

Abacha was assigned as Chief of Army Staff at the beginning of General Babangida’s tenure and was later named as Minister of Defence in 1990 making him one of the most powerful men in the Nigerian Army. 

Abacha became Nigeria's leader on 17 November 1993 after a Palace coup that forced interim President Ernest Shonekan into resignation. 

Abacha was well known for his violent treatment of any type of opposition or castigating his government.

Abacha jailed people for treason likes MKO Abiola, Olusegun Obasanjo, Shehu Musa Yar'Adua and many others.

Even General Oladipo Diya his second in command was not reserve from detention and sentenced to death over reported coup plot.
Many journalists were also knocked up and allegedly beaten and the Nigerian Press cruelly pulverized by the Army whenever any news was made about Abacha's government regardless of how truthful the news were. 

Media houses such as Vanguard, Punch,Tribune etc were repeatedly shutdown whenever he was not happy by any of their publications.

One of his most cruel acts was the jailed, quickly trial and frightful executed of prolific writer and activist Ken Saro Wiwa alongside 8 other Ogoni activists who alongside thousands of Ogonis protested against the environmental exploitation of their region by foreign petroleum companies.

In spite of calls from international bodies, human right groups and individuals such as South Africa's President, Nelson Mandela for their release, Abacha refused and assured they were killed by hanging. 

This led to diverse international punishment and a disposition in diplomatic relationships between Nigeria and other countries including Nigeria’s suspension from the Commonwealth of Nations.

Though Abacha assured to returned civilian rule to Nigeria, it became obvious it wasn't part of his agenda and in April 1998, the five political parties that was set up in his during his days were forced to nominate him as their sole presidential candidate, a move which made an poll that would usher in a democratic civilian leadership unattainable.

Abacha reportedly died on 8 June 1998 in his Aso Rock presidential Villa. Though it was officially declared that the cause of his death was a sudden heart attack, it was rumoured and widely believed by many Nigerians that he was poisoned by two Indian prostitutes. 

He was 54 years old at the time of death.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post