1st October is one of those days of the year when patriotism is in the air. The occasion is celebrated with great zeal and gusto across the country, and the celebrations take place mainly at the Aso-Villa, Abuja. People hold the colour flag, sing the national anthem, fly kites, and enthusiastically participate in cultural events.

The occasion also reminds us about our valiant freedom fighters, who fought selflessly and even sacrificed their lives for our country to attain freedom from the colonial rule. As we celebrate the 60th Independence Day this year, we can proudly say that our country has made great and significant progress in these years, be it military , education, technology, sports or infrastructure. Nigeria has improved in all the fields and certainly, yet we have not reached our peak but the road ahead is full of controversial disarray.

*Brief History of Nigeria Independence*

Nigeria was granted independence on October 1, 1960. A new constitution established a federal system with an elected prime minister and a ceremonial head of state. The NCNC, now headed by Azikiwe (who had taken control after Macaulay’s death in 1946), formed a coalition with Balewa’s NPC after neither party won a majority in the 1959 elections. Balewa continued to serve as the prime minister, a position he had held since 1957, while Azikiwe took the largely ceremonial position of president of the Senate. 

Following a UN- supervised referendum, the northern part of the Trust Territory of the Cameroons joined the Northern region in June 1961, while in October the Southern Cameroons united with Cameroun to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. 

On October 1, 1963, Nigeria became a republic. Azikiwe became president of the country, although, the prime minister Balewa was still more powerful. 

 *Nigeria's Administrative Boundaries in 1960.* 

After a brief honeymoon period, Nigeria’s long-standing regional stresses, caused by ethnic competitiveness, educational inequality, and economic imbalance, again came to the fore in the controversial census of 1962–63. 

In an attempt to stave off ethnic conflict, the Mid-West region was created in August 1963 by dividing the Western region. Despite this division, the country was still segmented into three large geographic regions, each of which was essentially controlled by an ethnic group: the west by the Yoruba, the east by the Igbo, and the north by the Hausa-Fulani. 

Moving further, Conflicts were endemic, as regional leaders protected their privileges; the south complained of northern domination, and the north feared that the southern elite was bent on capturing power. In the west the government had fallen apart in 1962, and a boycott of the federal election of December 1964 brought the country to the brink of breakdown.

 *Leadership in Nigeria So Far* 

Leadership crises in Nigeria have been attributed to failure of political leaders to imbibe Democratic Principle and provide necessary infrastructures. However, a critical analysis of the extant literature indicated the selfish desire of political leaders to wield powers and control the State apparatus, corruption, recycling of leaders, illiteracy and lack of political education and interpretation of politics by the players and then admirers are primarily responsible for leadership problem in Nigeria and inability of political class to truly adopt democratic Principles in discharge of their constitutional functions.

 Based on these findings we can proffer  the following solutions: that political parties should enthrone internal party democracy in choosing party candidates, poverty alleviation should be vigorously pursued and conquered since a hungry man is an angry man, mass literacy and education of the populace should be considered necessity.

*Nigerian Students and NANS Body*

NANS body should be an avenue to liberate the teeming masses, a movement to fight against dictatorship , a mechanism to integrate and unify the entire Nigerian Students , a preparatory ground for future political armies, a conglomeration of intellectual and vibrant leader, a partner in the development of the state and nation at large, a champion of the people and the students cause , a tool to fight against persecution and an instruction to fight oppressors and battle injustice wherever manifest. 

 This is my vision for NANS Tomorrow and to achieve this, we must stay away from any irregularity acts, we must stand firm to face any challenges and be ready to bring competent, formidable, egalitarian, and intellectual mind into NANS affairs.

In conclusion, I beseech God to intervene in this country's affairs, let there be orderliness and righteousness in our government and preserve every government functionary with good intentions to build Nigeria.



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